The First Documented Water Features of Human History

As originally developed, fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. aq_78211__08842.jpg A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Inspiring and impressive, big water fountains have been designed as monuments in nearly all societies. Crude in style, the very first water fountains did not appear much like modern fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a rock basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were actually used. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the circulation of water through the fountain. These ancient water fountains were created to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, creeks and waterways to provide drinking water. The Romans began building ornate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or stone masks of wildlife and mythological representations. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Statues

Historically|Traditionally|In the past}, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to present ordinary people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Affluent families would occasionally commission a rendition of their ancestors for their large family tombs; portraiture also became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. All through the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms greatly improved, so it is incorrect to think that the arts served merely one purpose.

Greek sculpture was a modern part of antiquity, whether the reason was religious fervor or visual satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence might be what endears it to us now.

Original Water Delivery Solutions in The City Of Rome

Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Rome, inhabitants who lived on hills had to journey even further down to gather their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques available at the time to supply water to segments of higher elevation. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they utilized the brand-new technique of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first built. Although they were primarily developed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to get water from the channel, commencing when he bought the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to meet his needs. Via an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was set to reach his water needs.

Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains

Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th century. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific specialist.

He carefully documented his examinations in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the qualities and mobility of water. Coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural abilities, early Italian water feature designers transformed private villa settings into amazing water displays complete of emblematic meaning and natural elegance. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water pranks for the various estates near Florence, other water fountain creators were well versed in humanistic issues and time-honored scientific texts.

What Are Garden Fountains Created From?

Although they come in various materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, exist in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. It is very important that your landscape reflects the style of your home.

Today, a lot of people favor copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper is popular for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. If you choose to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to contemporary.

If your style is more traditional, a brass water fountain might be perfect for you. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite popular because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Most consumers today see stainless steel as the most modern option. For an immediate increase in the value and peacefulness of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. As with all fountains, you can get any size you choose.

Fiberglass is a common material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lightweight and easier to move than metal. It is not complicated to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are common.

How Technical Designs of Water Fountains Spread
Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the circulated papers and illustrated publications of the... read more
The Godfather Of Rome's Water Fountains
There are countless celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them... read more
Hydro-Statics & Garden Fountains: The Fundamentals
Liquid in a state of equilibrium applies pressure on the objects it touches, including its container. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic... read more
Original Water Supply Solutions in The City Of Rome
Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local creeks for their water. When aqueducts or springs... read more
Garden Fountains: The Minoan Civilization
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These supplied water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms. The primary components employed were stone... read more
Ancient Greece: The Roots of Outdoor Statue Design
Although most sculptors were compensated by the temples to adorn the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more... read more